Research and Innovations

Areas of competence

Hypothesis Research & Literature Review

JBRSOFT_Hypothesis Research_Literature Review

JBRSOFT Research team creates an excellent review that can be an invaluable tool for practitioners, providing a concise summary and analysis of the relevant information in a given area. JBRSOFT conducts hypothesis research & literature reviews in a variety of ways, depending on the nature of the research question and the resources available.

JBRSOFT_Hypothesis Research_Literature Review
Define the research question

We define the research question, issue, or opportunity to find the solution or investigation involves attempting to comprehend a specific phenomenon or trend.

Develop a hypothesis

We develop a specific, testable, and grounded existing knowledge hypothesis based on the research question and the insights gleaned from the literature review.

Collect and analyze data

After designing the research study, we collect data from respondents or customers, analyze the collected data, or run experiments to test the hypothesis.

Conduct a literature review

We conduct a comprehensive literature review after identifying the research question to understand what is already known about the topic.

Design a research study

We design a research study to test the hypothesis by conducting surveys, running experiments, or analyzing data to determine the relationship between variables.

Interpret the results & draw conclusions

Once the data has been analyzed, we interpret the results and draw conclusions based on the trends or patterns in the data, as well as any potential limitations or confounding factors.

Data collection and Analysis

JBRSOFT_Data Collection and Analysis
JBRSOFT offers a full suite of outsourcing data collection services to collect qualitative and quantitative data within a stipulated time frame. JBRSOFT's dedicated team of analysts helps you out with scientific analysis dilemmas.
JBRSOFT_Data Management and Visualization

Surveys: Surveys were conducted in-person or via phone, email, or online platforms (kobo toolbox, survey sparrow).

Interviews: Interviews are another way to collect data. we conducted in-person or over-the-phone interviews using structured, semi-structured, or unstructured questionnaires.

Group discussions: Focus group discussions, IDI, and KII are the ways to gather data (using guidelines) from a group of people who share common characteristics or experiences. Our researcher leads a discussion among the group members and collects their responses.

Observations: Observations another way to collect data is by observing people or processes. Those methods are often used in qualitative research.

Once the data has been collected, JBRSOFT uses a variety of techniques for data analysis. These include:

Statistical analysis: we use mathematical methods to analyze the data like regression analysis, ANOVA, T-tests, and chi-square tests.

Qualitative analysis: we analyze data that cannot be easily measured or quantified, by using techniques like content analysis and discourse analysis.

Data visualization: we create charts, graphs, and other visual representations of the data to help identify patterns and trends.

Machine learning: we use algorithms to analyze large datasets by using techniques like clustering, classification, and regression.

Epidemic investigation

JBRSOFT-Epidemic investigation

Epidemic investigation and management involve a complex process of identifying the cause of an outbreak, tracking its spread, implementing measures to control and contain it, and developing strategies to prevent future occurrences. JBRSOFT plays a crucial role in this process by providing scientific expertise and conducting studies that inform public health policies and interventions.


JBRSOFT establish surveillance systems to monitor the spread of the epidemic and identify new cases by collecting data from hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare facilities, as well as from community-based sources such as schools and workplaces.

Epidemiological investigations

JBRSOFT conduct epidemiological studies to identify risk factors for the disease and map the spread of the epidemic by analyzing data on the demographic and clinical characteristics of affected individuals, as well as conducting surveys and interviews with affected communities.

Development of interventions

Based on the results of investigations, JBRSOFT develops interventions to control and contain the epidemic, such as vaccines, drugs, or public health messaging campaigns.


JBRSOFT evaluates the effectiveness of interventions through randomized controlled trials, observational studies, and other research methods.

Laboratory testing

JBRSOFT conduct laboratory tests to identify the causative agent of the epidemic and determine its characteristics, such as its genetic makeup, mode of transmission, and virulence.

Tools that we use

We use EpiInfo, Ona, DHIS2, and our custom application.

Manuscript writing & publication

JBRSOFT-Manuscript writing and publication

The process of manuscript writing and publication can be time-consuming and complex, requiring careful planning and attention to detail. However, it is an essential part of the research process, allowing to share of findings with a broader audience and contributing to the scientific community's knowledge base.

Planning and Writing the Manuscript

We work from very initial stage of planning and writing manuscript.

Review and Editing

Once the initial draft is completed, the manuscript were reviewed and edited by a team of experts in the field through multiple rounds of revisions to ensure the manuscript is accurate and meets the standards of the intended publication.


Once the manuscript has been reviewed and edited, it was submitted to a suitable journal or conference for publication. JBRSOFT has a list of preferred journals or conferences based on the topic of the manuscript and the target audience.

Peer Review

The submitted manuscript will undergo a rigorous peer-review process which will be evaluated by experts in the field. The reviewers will provide feedback and suggest revisions to improve the manuscript's quality.

Revision and Resubmission

Based on the feedback received from the peer-review process, the manuscript may need to be revised and resubmitted. JBRSOFT researchers make significant changes to the manuscript or address specific concerns raised by the reviewers.

Acceptance and Publication

If the manuscript is accepted, JBRSOFT work with the publisher to finalize the publication by formatting, proofreading, and finalizing any supplementary materials, such as figures or data tables.

Systematic review & meta-analysis

JBRSOFT-Systematic review and meta-analysis

JBRSOFT has extensive experience with meta-analysis, which is a quantitative, formal, epidemiological study design used to systematically assess the results of previous research in order to draw conclusions about that body of research. Performing a systematic review and meta-analysis involves a rigorous and structured approach that requires a team of researchers with expertise in the relevant subject matter.

Define the research question

JBRSOFT conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis by using a clearly defined research question or objective. It will guide the search strategy and the inclusion and exclusion criteria for studies.

Develop a search strategy

JBRSOFT develops a comprehensive search strategy to identify relevant studies by searching multiple databases, such as PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library, using a combination of keywords and search terms. The search strategy was documented and reported transparently.

Screening studies

After the search is conducted, the identified studies are screened for inclusion and exclusion criteria. The screening process is carried out by two or more reviewers independently screening the studies and resolving any discrepancies through discussion and consensus.

Extracting data

Once the studies are selected, data is extracted from the studies using a standardized data extraction form. The data was extracted by study characteristics, participant characteristics, interventions, outcomes, and measures of effect size.

Assessing study quality

JBRSOFT ensures the quality of the included studies by assessing using standardized tools, such as the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool or the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The quality assessment helps to determine the strength of evidence and the risk of bias in the studies.

Synthesizing data

The data from the included studies are synthesized using statistical methods to estimate the overall effect size and the level of heterogeneity between the studies. Meta-analysis was performed if the studies are sufficiently homogenous.

Interpreting results

The results are interpreted in light of the research question and the overall quality of the evidence. The results were presented in a narrative summary, tables, and/or forest plots.

Disease surveillance & response

JBRSOFT-Disease surveillance & response

Disease surveillance and response are complex and ongoing process that requires ongoing monitoring, analysis, and response activities to control disease outbreaks. JBRSOFT plays a critical role in this process by developing and implementing effective surveillance and response systems.

Establish surveillance systems

JBRSOFT establish a surveillance system to monitor the spread of diseases in different populations by collecting data from various sources, such as healthcare facilities, laboratories, and public health agencies.

Analyze data

The data collected from the surveillance systems need to be analyzed to identify potential disease outbreaks by using statistical models and machine learning algorithms to identify patterns and trends in the data.

Investigate outbreaks

Once a disease outbreak has been identified, JBRSOFT researchers investigate the outbreak to determine the cause and extent of the outbreak by conducting epidemiological studies, analyzing clinical data, and collecting samples for laboratory testing.

Develop response plans

Based on the findings from the investigation, JBRSOFT researchers develop response plans to control the spread of the disease. These plans were implementing public health interventions, such as vaccination campaigns or quarantine measures.

Assessing study quality

JBRSOFT ensures the quality of the included studies by assessing using standardized tools, such as the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool or the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The quality assessment helps to determine the strength of evidence and the risk of bias in the studies.

Monitor response activities

JBRSOFT researchers monitor the implementation of response activities to ensure the effectiveness in controlling the outbreak by ongoing data collection and analysis to assess the impact of the response activities.

Evaluate outcomes

Finally, JBRSOFT researchers evaluate the outcomes of disease surveillance and response activities by assessing the effectiveness of the response activities in controlling the outbreak and identifying areas for improvement in future outbreaks.

Areas for research

Observational study

Cross sectional study

Cohort study

RCT study

Online/ Census survey

Data science

Machine learning

Deep learning

Neural network

Tools we use

R language





MNIST database